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Is the last village on the ziz river the desert begings here most of habitants still live in the 17th century ksar a maze of dark almost troglodyte passages five minutes walk west of rissani lies the ruined site of first independ kingdom of south the Sijilmassa from the 8th to the 14th century these are the ruins of the first arabic and islamic city of Morocco the ruins now have more or less disappered.
Well worth visiting is the ksar of oulad abdelhalim,there is a circle tour of the other ksour begining at asserehine and ending at sijilmassa .
The ksour Tinrheras is ruiined ksour in a hill with excellent view of the Tafilalt region and Sijilmasa
Moulay Ali chérif mausoleum:
When you go through the big gate ornamented by green ceramics and topped by a dome you will find on your right the big room that shelters the tomb of moula yali cherif.the first founder of the Alaouite dynasty.
This mausoleum was rebuild in 1965 after having been destroyed by a rise in the water level when the ZIZ river was in spate the sacred precinct has a wide yard, a patio and picturesque mosque .
Ksar el fida:
It s situated at about 4 km on the north east of rissani its the most important and at same time the most ancient of the alaouite ksars in the Tafilalet however. Its worth montioning that the genesis of the ksar dates back to the reign of king moulay Ismail to house his son king moulay abdellah . but the ksar was reduced to rubbles and ruined except for the high outsid walls and the tours which were built of muddy earth.
The ksar was rebuild under the reign of moulay abd al rahman but this time at about eught hundred metters at south east of the first site.
Ever since the ksar had preponderant roles in directing the policy of region and at times its served
As residential palace of the Khalifa or Caid of the Tafilalet and this up to 1965.
Henceforth the ksar was a Makhzanean domain an dis still an architevtural patrimony.
Ksar oulad abdelhlim :
In the north of ksar abbar where moulay ismail the founder or rissani was born stood ksar oulad abdelhlim between the meanders of the palm tress and the hard packed surface its one of most important monuments of tafilalet.
Situated at 2 km in the south-east of m yali cherif mausoleum (ancestor of the Alaouite dynasty) the ksar is fortified and surrounded by hight wall with 12 quadrangular towers(more than six meers high)
The principal gate sober and less hight open onto a hall that run into the doukkana(place where the inhabitants meet) in the middle there is a big stonewhich is said to have served as a mortar on the right a stable opposite to the large yard that is in front of palace.
was an oasis town southeast of Fez on the northern edge of the Sahara, astride the Ziz River. It was established by Kharijite Sufris in 757. Up until the 11th century, it was, as the terminus for the western Trans-Sahara trade route, one of the most important trade centres in the Maghreb. Sijilmasa became very wealthy through trade with ancient Ghana, above all through the exchange of luxury items from the Mediterranean for gold.
On account of its wealth, the city was able to assert its independence under the Miknasa tribe as a Kharijite Emirate ruled by the Midrarid dynasty, freeing itself from the Abbasid Caliphate as early as 771. In alliance with the Caliphate of C?rdoba it was also able to remain apart from the Fatimids of Ifriqiya in the 10th century. However, when the Miknasa allied themselves with the Fatimids, they were dislodged by the Berber Maghrawa tribeUnder the Maghrawa the city retained its role as a trade centre, but came increasingly into conflict with the Sanhaja, a nomad tribe of the Sahara. In 1054, Ibn Yasin allied the Almoravids with the Sanhaja and captured Sijilmasa in 1054, imposing his rigorous interpretation of Islam. A revolt quickly followed (1055), in the course of which the Almoravids were defeated and their leader Yahya ibn Umar killed. His successor Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar put down the rebellion in 1056 and laid waste to Sijilmasa, which never recovered its status a centre of trade.
Although it was destroyed again in 1363, it was rebuilt under the orders of Sultan Moulay Ismail in the 18th century. It was conquered and destroyed - once again - by the nomadic tribes of Ait Atta in 1818. Today, the ruins of Sijilmassa, laying a couple of km north of the town of Rissani, are recognized by the World Monuments Fund as an endangered site, and preserved by the Moroccan Ministry of Culture.
Rissani & Sijilmassa :
circuit passing through beautiful palm grove. Visit the Tinrheras ksar and Oulad Abdelhalim ksars, Ksar Akbar ruins, Moulay Ali Cherif Mausoleum, Rissani (souks on Tuesday,Thursday and sunday) and Sijelmassa ruins first Muslim city in North Africa and stating post on the Trans-Saharan caravan